What are the factors affecting our balance and stability?
Effective control of balance depends on the interaction of many factors including integration of visual, vestibular, and proprioceptive information concerning body position, appropriate biomechanical alignment, sufficient muscle strength, and quick, coordinated muscle activation patterns.
Your sense of balance relies on a series of signals to your brain from several organs and structures in your body, specifically your eyes, ears, and the muscles and touch sensors in your legs.
The more stable the base of the movement, the more force we can generate off this base. Generally more force means better performance. This means you can lift more, run faster, kick harder, hit further or swing faster. Having a more stable base of movement also means less force is 'lost' in the kinetic chain.
Balance is your ability to control your body without movement against gravity. Stability is your ability to control your body during movement.
- Walking, biking, and climbing stairs strengthen muscles in your lower body. ...
- Stretching loosens tight muscles, which can affect posture and balance.
- Yoga strengthens and stretches tight muscles while challenging your static and dynamic balance skills.
The three components of balance comprise of the visual system (SEE), proprioceptive system (FEEL), and the vestibular system (HEAR – located in the inner ear). The brain integrates and processes all the information from these 3 systems to help us maintain our balance or sense of equilibrium.
Cerebellum: Sensing how to balance.
It is also essential to our sense of balance: the organ of balance (the vestibular system) is found inside the inner ear. It is made up of three semicircular canals and two otolith organs, known as the utricle and the saccule. The semicircular canals and the otolith organs are filled with fluid.
Our balance is maintained by input from vision, nerves of the muscles and joints, and the vestibular system (inner ear) which is processed into meaningful information by the central vestibular system (brainstem).
This principle states that the lower the centre of gravity the more stable you will be. For example, by bending my knees and widening my stance, I was able to achieve a higher level of balance and therefore achieving a better outcome when rotating through and hitting the ball.
What are stability skills?
Stability skills can be defined as the ability to sense a shift in the relationship of the body parts that alter one's balance, as well as the ability to adjust rapidly and accurately to these changes with the appropriate compensating movements .
Stability is an objective for those who wish to maintain control of the mass of the body while moving or being moved. It can be the basis of balance because if the center of gravity is being shifted, it causes the athlete to try and regain balance.
A healthy balance system gives you more energy and strength and helps you move freely and confidently. Keeping your balance system healthy is especially important if you have problems due to illness, such as joint pain, weakness or dizziness.
In order to measure the stability of an object, two factors need to be determined that are the width of the object's base and the height of the object's centre of mass. The position of the centre helps one to know whether the object will remain standing or tip over.
Your treatment may include:
- Balance retraining exercises (vestibular rehabilitation). Therapists trained in balance problems design a customized program of balance retraining and exercises. ...
- Positioning procedures. ...
- Diet and lifestyle changes. ...
- Medications. ...
Balancing exercises work your core muscles, lower back, and legs. Lower-body strength-training exercises can also help improve your balance.
The cerebellum controls a number of functions including movement, speech, balance, and posture.
diabetes drugs, such as insulin, glipizide, and glyburide. heart drugs, such as anti-arrhythmics, nitrates and other vasodilators, and digoxin. pain drugs, such as opioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) sleep drugs, such as sedatives and hypnotics.
- decreased blood flow to the brain due to stroke or a chronic condition such as aging.
- traumatic brain injury.
- multiple sclerosis.
- Parkinson's disease.
- cerebellar diseases.
- acoustic neuromas and other brain tumors.
Common factors that affect this stability include temperature, light, pH, oxidation and enzymatic degradation.
What are 3 factors that affect the stability of an object?
Factors Affecting Stability
The moment the size of the base support will be increased the stability of the respective object will start to change. If the line of gravity will be central to the base of support, the stability of the object will increase. The object with a larger mass will have a greater stability.
The following factors will influence an athlete's balance and stability: • Height and alignment of centre of gravity. Area of base of support. Alignment of base of support relative to forces. Mass • Friction • Momentum.